Peasant Responses to Shining Path in Andahuaylas

  • Ronald H. Berg


Shining Path (SL or Sendero) presents us with a disturbing paradox. It is a sectarian, extremist organization, operating in the context of a relatively open, diverse, and democratic political system, yet it has phenomenal staying power.


Commercial Agriculture Provincial Capital Agrarian Reform Agricultural Cooperative Latin American Study 
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  1. 2.
    These actions are described in Carlos Iván Degregori, Sendero Luminoso, lucha armada y Utopia autoritaria (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 1986); and in Lewis Taylor, Maoism in the Andes: Sendero Luminoso and the Contemporary Guerrilla Movement in Peru, Working Paper No. 2, (University of Liverpool, Centre for Latin American Studies, 1983).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Instituto de Defensa Legal, Peru 1989, En la espiral de vwlencia (Lima: Instituto de Defensa Legal, 1990); Inter-Church Committee on Human Rights in Latin American, 1989 Annual Report on the Human Rights Situation in Peru (Toronto, Canada, January 1990); Amnesty International, Caught Between Two Fires (New York: Amnesty International, November 1989).Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Cynthia McClintock, “Why Peasants Rebel: The Case of Peru’s Sendero Luminoso,” World Politics, 37, October 1984, pp. 48–84; David Scott Palmer, “Rebellion in Rural Peru: The Origins and Evolution of Sendero Luminoso,” Comparative Politics, 18:2, January 1986, pp. 127–146; Carlos Iván DeGregori, Sendero Luminoso: Los hondos y mortales desencuentros (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 1985); Henri Favre, “Perou: Sentier Lumineaux et Horizons Obscurs,” Problèmes D’Amérique Latine, 72, 2e trimestre 1984, pp. 3–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 6.
    Peru, Censos Nacionales, VIII de Población, III de Vivienda, 12 de julio de 1981, Resultados Definitivos, vol. A, tomo I, II, Departamento de Apurímac (Lima: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 1984).Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Rodrigo Montoya, Capitalismo y neo-capitalismo en el Perú (Lima: Mosca Azul, 1980).Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    On the hacienda system’s expansion and decline, see Ronald H. Berg, “The Effects of Return Migration on a Highland Peruvian Community,” Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan, 1984; Abdón Palomino, “Movimiento campesina de 1974 y reforma agraria en Andahuaylas,” Allpanchis, 11/12, 1978, pp. 187–211; Lino Quintanilla, Andahuaylas: la lucha por la tierra (Lima: Mosca Azul, 1981); and Rodrigo Sanchez, Toma de tierras y conciencia política campesina; Las lecciones de Andahuaylas (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 1981).Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    Peru, Censo nacional agropecuario, II: Departamento de Apurímac (1972) (Lima: Ministerio de Agricultura, 1975).Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    David Scott Palmer, “Revolution from Above”: Military Government and Popular Participation in Peru, 1968–1972, Dissertation Series #47, Latin American Studies Program, Cornell University, 1973, Table 13, p. 198.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    Peru, Estudio socio-económico de la provincia de Andahuaylas (Lima: Ministerio de Agricultura, Dirección de Comunidades, 1970), pp. 63–67.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    Cynthia McClintock, “Why Peru’s Alan García Is a Man on the Move,” LASA Forum, 16:4, Winter 1986, pp. 9–12.Google Scholar
  11. 19.
    Teodor Shanin, “The Peasants Are Coming: Migrants Who Labour, Peasants Who Travel, and Marxists Who Write,” Race and Class, 19, Winter 1978, pp. 277–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 20.
    On Puno, see Raúl González, “Puno: El corredor senderista,” Quehacer, 39, February–March, 1986, pp. 49–58.Google Scholar
  13. 21.
    Antonio Díaz Martínez, “Ayacucho y las comunidades del hambre,” América Indígena, 30, April 1970, pp. 307–320.Google Scholar
  14. 24.
    José María Salcedo, “The Price of Peace: A Report from the Emergency Zone,” NACLA Report on the Americas, 20:3, June 1986, pp. 37–42.Google Scholar
  15. 25.
    The Andean Report, July 31, 1986, pp. 2–3. For other accounts of Shining Path in Puno, see González, “Puno: El Corredor Senderista,” and Instituto de Defensa Legal (IDL), Perú 1989: En la espiral de violencia (Lima: IDL, 1990), pp. 33–55.Google Scholar

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© David Scott Palmer 1994

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  • Ronald H. Berg

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