Introduction The Second Greatest Fourth



the morning of the fourth of july, 1918, dawned overcast in paris, with a threat of rain that could spoil the elaborate schedule of ceremonies planned for the day.1 Raymond Poincaré, the president of France, had sent a formal greeting to Woodrow Wilson proclaiming that America’s Independence Day would for that year become a day of national celebration in France as well. Later in the morning, in what might have been taken as a metaphor for the Allies’ military progress during the previous six months, the sky cleared.


British Prime Minister French Soldier American Contingent North American Literature Nervous Exhaustion 
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  1. 5.
    Wharton to Mary Cadwalader Jones, July 7, 1918, Yale. A slightly different version of this letter may be found in R.W.B. Lewis and Nancy Lewis, eds. The Letters of Edith Wharton (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1988), 406–408. Minnie Jones edited the letter and passed it along to the New York Times, where it appeared on July 30, 1918, p. 10.Google Scholar

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© Alan Price 1996

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