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“Disharmony and Religious Feuds”

  • James Treat

Abstract

Feelings of disappointment and frustration troubled Bob Thomas as he crossed the Canada-U.S. border on his way to Toronto. Driving gave him time to think. Approaching Lake Ontario, the Cherokee anthropologist reflected on his work, events of the summer now drawing to a close, and an upcoming meeting with a good friend.1

Keywords

Native People Tribal Community Indian Affair Tribal Leader Tribal Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    “A Proposal for an Indian Ecumenical Conference Presented by the Institute for Indian Studies,” [December? 1969], 3–4, NAA/AICC, collection MS 4806, box 2; Robert K. Thomas, The Indian Ecumenical Movement: A Grassroots Religious Movement, lecture delivered at the Summer Public Lecture Series of the Vancouver School of Theology, July 21, 1986 (Vancouver, British Columbia: Vancouver School of Theology, 1986), audiocassette; Robert K. Thomas, Getting to the Heart of the Matter: Collected Letters and Papers, edited by Daphne J. Anderson (Vancouver, British Columbia: Native Ministries Consortium, Vancouver School of Theology, 1990), 14–15.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Grant Foreman, The Five Civilized Tribes (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1934), 281–284, 291ff; Angie Debo, And Still the Waters Run: The Betrayal of the Five Civilized Tribes (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1940), 379ff; Angie Debo, The Five Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma: Report on Social and Economic Conditions (Philadelphia, PA: Indian Rights Association, 1951), 1–3; Robert K. Thomas, “The Origin and Development of the Redbird Smith Movement” (M.A. thesis, University of Arizona, 1954), 71ff; Albert Wahrhaftig and Robert K. Thomas, “Redskins and Rednecks: The Myth of Cherokee Assimilation,” in Indian Education: Hearings before the Special Subcommittee on Indian Education of the U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, 90th Congress, 1st and 2nd sessions, part 2, February 19, 1968, Twin Oaks, [OK] (Washington, DC: USGPO, 1968), 894–895; Albert L. Wahrhaftig, “The Tribal Cherokee Population of Eastern Oklahoma,” in The Emergent Native Americans: A Reader in Culture Contact, edited by Deward E. Walker, Jr. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1972), 220–224; Robert D. Cooter, “Individuals and Relatives,” in A Good Cherokee, A Good Anthropologist: Papers in Honor of Robert K. Thomas, edited by Steve Pavlik (Los Angeles, CA: American Indian Studies Center, University of California at Los Angeles, 1998), 57–58.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Robert K. Thomas, “The Role of the Church in Indian Adjustment,” Kansas Journal of Sociology 3, no. 1 (1967): 23; Middlestriker, “Fork,” 69–74, 152; Thomas, “Chapter III,” 11; Thomas, “Community,” 10; Cooter, “Individuals,” 63–64, 71–72.Google Scholar
  4. 18.
    Robert K. Thomas, “Papago Land Use: West of the Papago Indian Reservation, South of the Gila River, and the Problem of Sand Papago Identity,” in Ethnology of the Indians of Northwest Mexico, Spanish Borderlands Sourcebooks, Vol. 6, edited by Randall H. McGuire (New York, NY: Garland Publishing, 1992), 1–7, 41; Middlestriker, “Fork,” 74.Google Scholar
  5. 25.
    Sol Tax, The North American Indians: 1950 Distribution of Descendants of the Aboriginal Population of Alaska, Canada and the United States, 4th ed. (Chicago, IL: Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, 1960); Robert K. Thomas, “Pan-Indianism,” Midcontinent American Studies Journal 6, no. 2 (1965): 75; Robert K. Thomas, “Howdy Folks!” Indian Voices, August 1966, 1; Vine Deloria, Jr., Custer Died for Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto (New York, NY: Macmillan, 1969), 82–85; Beatrice Medicine and Robert Thomas, “A Conversation with Bea Medicine and Robert Thomas,” in Educating the Educators: A Report of the Institute on “The American Indian Student in Higher Education,” edited by Roy H. Sandstrom (Canton, NY: St. Lawrence University, 1971), 64; Middlestriker, “Fork,” 77–78; Robert Thomas, “Farewell to a Chief,” Americans Before Columbus 18, no. 2 (1990): 3; Pavlik, “Memoriam”; Pavlik, “Introduction,” xv; Samuel Stanley, “Staying the Course: Action and Reflection in the Career of Robert K. Thomas,” in A Good Cherokee, A Good Anthropologist: Papers in Honor of Robert K. Thomas, edited by Steve Pavlik (Los Angeles, CA: American Indian Studies Center, University of California at Los Angeles, 1998), 3, 6; Wax, “Old,” 22; Fogelson, “Bringing,” 107; Peter Iverson, “We Are Still Here”: American Indians in the Twentieth Century (Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1998), 135–136.Google Scholar
  6. 26.
    Rosalie H. Wax and Robert K. Thomas, “American Indians and White People,” Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture 22, no. 4 (1961): 316; John Gulick, Cherokees at the Crossroads, 2nd ed., edited by Sharlotte Neely Williams (Chapel Hill, NC: Institute for Research in Social Science, University of North Carolina, 1973), 197–208; Fogelson, “Bringing,” 106–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 32.
    Albert Wahrhaftig, “Community and the Caretakers,” New University Thought 4, no. 4 (1966–67): 66–74; Tax and Thomas, “Experiment,” 940–948; Wahrhaftig, “Looking,” 95–97.Google Scholar
  8. 37.
    Robert K. Thomas, “Cross-Cultural Cannibalism,” New University Thought 7, no. 3 (1971): 7–11; Thomas, Getting 13–14, 76–77; Wahrhaftig, “Looking,” 101–102.Google Scholar
  9. 50.
    Mary R. Sawyer, Black Ecumenism: Implementing the Demands of Justice (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1994), 8, 176.Google Scholar

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© James Treat 2003

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  • James Treat

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