ECOWAS and Liberia: Implications for Regional Intervention in Intra-state Conflicts

  • Thomas Jaye


Between 1990 and 1997, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was involved in peace-making and peace-keeping in Liberia, a West African country engulfed by internecine strife. For seven years the regional body tried to resolve the conflict, convening a number of peace meetings and brokering several peace accords, only to realise that the armed factions would renege on them. The UN and the OAU were brought in to provide legitimacy, but that was not sufficient to bring the war to an immediate end. It was not until the factions became exhausted militarily, coupled with internal and external pressures, that they finally agreed to resolve the crisis through a democratic process. By this time, the war had cost 250 000 lives out of a total of 2.5 million people, the death of more than thousand peace-keepers, and the destruction of the national infrastructure and the fragile economy. The general and presidential elections of 19 July 1997 resulted in a landslide victory for Charles Taylor, a leader of one of the main warring factions, and his National Patriotic Party (NPP). This effectively marked ‘the end’ of the war.


Security Council Ivory Coast Regional Security Peace Process Master Space 


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Notes and References

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Jaye
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept of International PoliticsUniversity of WalesAberystwythUK

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