The Nonproliferation Treaty
The successful negotiation of the multilateral Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) was the crowning achievement of the Johnson administration in arms control. The negotiation was a very arduous and complex process, made so largely by the fact that while the superpowers were the treaty’s principal architects, its main objects were the nonnuclear weapon countries of the world. The chief purpose of the treaty, from the superpowers’ point of view, was to make sure that the nonnuclears stayed that way. Added to the familiar task of reconciling their own different approaches, therefore, the United States and the Soviet Union in this case had the problem of overcoming the reservations, anxieties, and suspicions of a large number of other countries. To accomplish this, the superpowers had to accept some compromise treaty provisions that were not entirely to their liking.2
KeywordsInternational Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Weapon Atomic Energy Commission Nuclear Weapon State Nuclear Explosive
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