• Zakia Pathak
  • Rajeswari Sunder Rajan


In April 1985, the Supreme Court of India, the highest court of the land, passed a judgment in favor of Shahbano in the case of Mohammad Ahmed Khan, appellant, versus Shahbano and others, respondents.1 The judgment created a furor unequaled, according to one journal, since “the great upheaval of 1857.”2


Muslim Woman Civil Code Criminal Procedure Muslim Identity India Today 
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  1. 3.
    Section 125 is an “order for maintenance of wives, children, and parents.” “If any person having sufficient means neglects or refuses to maintain” his wife, children, or parents in need, a magistrate may “upon proof of such neglect, or refusal, order such person to make a monthly allowance for the maintenance … at such monthly rate not exceeding five hundred rupees in the whole”; see Ratanlal Ranchhoddas and Dhirajlal Keshavlal Thakore, The Code of Criminal Procedure (Nagpur: Wadwa, 1987), 94–112, esp. 110.Google Scholar
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© Elizabeth A. Castelli 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zakia Pathak
  • Rajeswari Sunder Rajan

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