The U.S.-Soviet agreement to eliminate intermediate-range (500–5,000 kilometers) nuclear weapons, known as the INF Treaty, was signed on December 8, 1987, and ratified by the Senate on May 27, 1988. The agreement was the culmination of a protracted domestic and international debate about the role of U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe and, more generally, about the basic legitimacy of U.S.-Soviet arms control agreements.


Nuclear Weapon Reagan Administration Cruise Missile Washington Time National Security Adviser 
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Selected Bibliography

Books and Articles

  1. Allison, Graham, and Albert Carnesale. “Can the West Accept Da for an Answer?” Daedalus (1987): 69–93.Google Scholar
  2. Arms Control Association. “Summary and Text of the INF Treaty and Protocols.” Arms Control Today 18, no. 1, INF Supplement (January/February 1988): 1–12.Google Scholar
  3. Biden, Joseph R., Jr., and John B. Ritch. “The Treaty Power: Upholding a Constitutional Partnership.” University of Pennsylvania Law Journal 137, no. 5 (May 1989).Google Scholar
  4. Blackwell, James R. “Contributions and Limitations of On-Site Inspections in INF and START.” In Arms Control Verification and the New Role of On-Site Inspection, edited by Lewis A. Dunn with Amy E. Gordon. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1990.Google Scholar
  5. Davis, Lynn. “Lessons of the INF Treaty.” Foreign Affairs 66, no. 4 (Spring 1988): 720–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dean, Jonathan. “Gorbachev’s Arms Control Moves.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 43, no.5 (June 1987): 34–40.Google Scholar
  7. —. Watershed in Europe: Dismantling the East-West Military Confrontation. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1987.Google Scholar
  8. Donovan, Frederick, and James Goodby. “Choosing Zero: Origins of the INF Treaty,” Pew Case no. 319. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, 1988.Google Scholar
  9. Gordon, Michael R. “Dateline Washington, INF: A Hollow Victory?” Foreign Policy, no. 68 (Fall 1987): 159–79.Google Scholar
  10. Kaufman, Joyce P. “US-Soviet Arms Control and Politics.” Arms Control 8 (1987): 278–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Perle, Richard. “What’s Wrong With the INF Treaty.” U.S. News & World Report, March 21, 1988, 46.Google Scholar
  12. Rasky, Susan F. “Senate Rebuffs Foes of the Missile Treaty.” New York Times, May 21, 1988, A3.Google Scholar
  13. Sharp, Jane M. O. “Understanding the INF Debacle: Arms Control and Alliance Cohesion.” Arms Control (September 1987): 96–127.Google Scholar
  14. Talbott, Strobe. Deadly Gambits: The Reagan Administration and the Stalemate in Nuclear Arms Control. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.Google Scholar
  15. —. “The Road to Zero.” Time, December 14, 1987, 18–30.Google Scholar
  16. Thompson, James A. “The LRTNF Decision: Evolution of US Theatre Nuclear Policy, 1975–1979.” International Affairs (1984): 601–14.Google Scholar
  17. Towell, Pat. “Conciliation Colors the Pre-Summit Picture.” Congressional Quarterly, December 5, 1987, 2967–71.Google Scholar
  18. —. “Senate Votes 93–5 to Approve Ratification of INF Treaty.” Congressional Quarterly, May 28, 1988, 1431.Google Scholar
  19. —. “Soviet Offer Breaks Logjam on Euromissiles.” Congressional Quarterly, March 7, 1987, 427–30.Google Scholar
  20. Vogele, William B. “Tough Bargaining and Arms Control: Lessons from the INF Treaty.” Journal of Strategic Studies 12, no. 3 (September 1989): 257–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Government Publications

  1. U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Office of Public Affairs. Understanding the INF Treaty. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. NATO Defense and the INF Treaty, Report and Hearings, 100th Cong., 2d sess., 1988, vols. 1–4.Google Scholar
  3. U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. The INF Treaty, Report and Hearings, 100th Cong., 2d sess., 1988, 6 pts.Google Scholar
  4. U.S. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence. The INF Treaty: Monitoring and Verification Capabilities, 100th Cong., 2d sess., 1988, unclassified report.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Henry L. Stimson Center 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janne E. Nolan

There are no affiliations available

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