The Disillusionment of European Socialists

  • Gérard Grunberg
  • Gerassimos Moschonas
Part of the Europe in Transition: The NYU European Studies Series book series (EIT)


The creation of the Party of European Socialists in November 1992 marked a new stage in the process of cooperation among Socialists of the European Union. In fact, given the stagnation of the previous phase, the PES contributed to reorganizing and heightening cooperation within European Socialism. The PES imposed itself and was gradually recognized as the unchallenged organizational center of coordination among Socialists at the European Union level, bringing a new dynamic to regional Social Democratic “integration.” More homogenous than the Union of Socialist Parties of the European Community (UPSCE), founded in 1974, the PES is today more coherent and better equipped than its traditional partner and adversary, the EPP (European People’s Party), to carry out “effective” actions within the European institutions. The PES’s political influence has grown (especially through the party leaders’ conferences) and its authority has been more clearly asserted and consolidated at the European level.2 Yet, despite its increased strength, the PES, like all pan-European parties, is in reality only a “proto-party,” a term indicative of a restricted partisan profile, even an elliptical one, and clearly incomplete.3 The reinforced PES remains a weak integrative institution.4


Socialist Party Socialist Loss Social Democratic Party European Election Legislative Election 
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Copyright information

© Pascal Perrineau, Gérard Grunberg, and Colette Ysmal 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gérard Grunberg
  • Gerassimos Moschonas

There are no affiliations available

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