The Faltering Europeanization of National Campaigns
In June 1999, European Parliamentary elections were held for the fifth time in 20 years. One would have thought that after two decades of voting experience at the European level, voter acceptance for the institution would take hold in the countries that had participated in the European construction since its very inception. We now know that this did not happen: Electoral turnout has never been so low despite a priori favorable conditions such as the well-publicized inauguration of the euro zone or the implementation of the Amsterdam Treaty. The current situation is paradoxical in that the European Parliament is in a period of expanding power following the Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties and the demission of the European Commission soon after the March 1999 crisis; moreover, it is a unique European institution, having its legitimacy based on universal suffrage. However, the Parliament has only been able to provoke a weakening voter turnout.
KeywordsVoter Turnout Electoral Mobilization National Campaign Unique European Institution Universal Suffrage
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