The Extreme Right in the June 1999 European Elections

  • Piero Ignazi
  • Pascal Perrineau
Part of the Europe in Transition: The NYU European Studies Series book series (EIT)


An analysis of the European party system shows that extreme right-wing political parties were basically nonexistent until the beginning of the 1980s. Looking at the results of the first European elections in 1979 (see table 10.1), only one extreme right-wing party entered the European Parliament: the Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI). Other parties participated in those elections: the Parti des Forces Nouvelles (PFN) in France, the Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (NPD) in West Germany, the National Front (NF) in Great Britain, the Vlaams Blok (VB) in Belgium, and the Fremskridtsparti (Progress Party, FRP) in Denmark. Whether this Danish party, along with its Norwegian counterpart, should be included in the extreme right, however, remains debatable; and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), created in 1971 by the Presbyterian pastor Ian Paisley, is more the result of an ultraconservative and intransigent Protestant movement than of the extreme right.


Electoral Success European Election Legislative Election National Front Wing Parti 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Piero Ignazi, L’estrema destra in Europa Il Mulino, 1994.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Xavier Casals I Meseguer, La tentacion neofascista en Espana, Barcelona: Plaza and Janès, 1998.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Annie Laurent, Pascal Perrineau, “L’extrême droite éclatée,” Revue Française de Science Politique, vol. 49, no. 4–5, August—October 1999, pp. 663–641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pascal Perrineau, Le symptôme Le Pen. Radiographie des électeurs du Front National, Paris: Fayard, 1997, p. 210.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Billet and H. de Witte, “Attitudinal dispositions to vote for a new extreme right-wing party: The case of Vlaams Blok,” European Journal of Political Research, 27, 1995, pp. 181–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 7.
    Jürgen W. Falter, Wer wählt rechts? Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck, 1994, pp. 99–100.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Patrick Moreau, “Le Freiheitliche Partei Österreich, parti national-libéral ou pulsion austro-fasciste?” Pouvoirs, no. 87, 1998, pp. 61–82.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    O. Gabriel, “Rechtsextreme einstellungen in Europa: strucktur, entwicklung, verhaltenimplicationen,” Politische Vierte jahresschrift, 37, 1996, pp. 344–360.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pascal Perrineau, Gérard Grunberg, and Colette Ysmal 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piero Ignazi
  • Pascal Perrineau

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations