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Responsibility and Terror: Visual Culture and Violence in the Precarious Life

Chapter

Abstract

In Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence, Judith Butler argues that 9/11 produced a “dislocation” of “First World privilege” for citizens of the United States. Watching the events of 9/11, the “secure” in the first world were exposed to a feeling of vulnerability that is usually experienced in “failed states” and “disaster zones.” For Butler, this dislocation of first world privilege does not have to result in acts of violent protection or retaliation:

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Judith Butler, Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence (London: Verso, 2004), p. xii.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    For an exploration of these “other passages” see Giovanna Borradori, Philosophy In A Time of Terror: Dialogues With Jürgen Habermas and Jacques Derrida (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003).Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    See James Der Derian, Virtuous War: Mapping the Military-Industrial-Media-Entertainment-Network (New York: Westview Press, 2001).Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    Jean Baudrillard, The Spirit of Terrorism (London: Verso, 2003), p. 47.Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    Felix Guattari, The Three Ecologies (London: Athlone, 2000), p. 50.Google Scholar
  6. 26.
    Roland Barthes, Mythologies (London: Fontana Press, 1993), p. 92.Google Scholar
  7. 31.
    Charles Krauthammer, “Voices of Moral Obtuseness,” in The Iraqi War Reader, eds. Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Cerf (London: Touchstone, 2003), p. 218.Google Scholar
  8. 33.
    See Cynthia Weber’s discussion of Moore and Liscombe in Imagining America at War (London: Routledge, 2005).Google Scholar
  9. 34.
    For a useful introduction to “affect” see Clare Colebrook, Gilles Deleuze (London: Routledge, 2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 36.
    Paul Virilio, Cinema and War: The Logistics of Perception (London: Verso, 1998), p. 33.Google Scholar
  11. 37.
    For an introduction into superheroes and cultural theory see Scott Bukatman, Matters of Gravity: Special Effects and Supermen in the 20th Century (London: Duke University Press, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 40.
    Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil (London: Penguin, 1998), p. 84.Google Scholar
  13. 44.
    Paul Virilio, “The Strategy of the Beyond,” in The Virilio Reader, ed. James Der Derian (Cambridge: Blackwell, 1998), p. 90.Google Scholar
  14. 45.
    Michel Foucault, Society Must Be Defended (London: Penguin, 2004), p. 246.Google Scholar
  15. 52.
    Barbara Adam, “Re-Vision: The Centrality of Time for an Ecological Social Science Perspective,” in Risk, Environment and Modernity, eds. Scott Lash, Bronislaw Szerszynski and Brian Wynne (London: Sage, 1996), p. 97.Google Scholar
  16. 53.
    This idea is developed in Mark J. Lacy, Security and Climate Change; International Relations and the Limits of Realism (London: Routledge, 2005).Google Scholar
  17. 57.
    See, e.g., Michael Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America’s Growing Petroleum Dependence (London: Penguin, 2005).Google Scholar

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© Elizabeth Dauphinee and Cristina Masters 2007

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