As chapter 3 illustrated, the ensemble of social relations entering the Guatemalan peace process can be characterized by a disarticulated mode of production reiterated and partially transformed by the modernizing, counterinsurgent state and its own further move toward neoliberalism. In this story, society is largely divided between “popular” forces—the groups constructed as “enemies” of the counterinsurgent state: the guerrilla, peasants involved in the cooperative movement, the indigenous—and economic and military elites, though these broad groups included diverse interests and perspectives. For example, the “popular” sector incorporated converts to evangelical Christianity, who share a neoliberal modernizing ethos with elements of the business classes; similarly, traditional agricultural elites were divided from “modernizing” economic elites on many issues.


Civil Society Electoral Politics Peace Process Truth Commission Reagan Administration 
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  1. 2.
    See also Adolofo Aguilar Zinser, “Negotiation in Conflict: Central America and Contadora,” in Crisis in Central America: Regional Dynamics and US Policy in the 1980s, ed. Nora Hamilton, Jeffry A. Frieden, Linda Fuller, and Manuel Pastor Jr. (Boulder: Westview Press, 1988)Google Scholar
  2. Dario Moreno, The Struggle for Peace in Central America (Gainsville: University of Florida Press, 1994), Chapter 3. Moreno contains the main Contadora texts (communiqués and agreements) in English.Google Scholar

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© Nicola Short 2007

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