A Map of the Empire of Charlemagne, Allegedly of 1629, at the Società Geografica Italiana

  • Walter Goffart
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


The Società geografica italiana is housed in the Villa Celimontana in Rome—one of the loveliest sites a learned society might hope to have. On the edge of a quiet hill, just around the corner from the popular marriage church of Santa Maria in Navicella, the villa is a public park. When trees are not in leaf, one should be able to see the Baths of Caracalla to the left, the Circus Maximus to the right, and the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization in between. The elegant villa building glories in several ancient mosaic pavements and is impeccably neat and tidy.


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  1. 2.
    see Armin Wolf, “Das Bild der europäische Geschichte in Geschichtsatlanten verschiedener Länder,” Internationale Jahrbuch für Geschichts- und Geographieunterricht 13 (1970–1971): 2.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    see now Paolo Squatriti, “Digging Ditches in Early Medieval Europe,” Past and Present 176 (August 2002): 11–18.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Margaret Shepherd, Calligraphy Now: New Light on Traditional Letters (New York: Putnam, 1984), p. 33.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephanie Hayes-Healy 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Goffart

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