The Ancient Gods and the Venerable Protectors of this Place: Christianity on the Frontiers in the Early Middle Ages
In the fourth and early fifth centuries, the Christian cult was firmly established not only in the Mediterranean world but also along the northern frontiers of the Roman Empire.1 Sparse written as well as more abundant archaeological evidence shows clearly that from England across northern Europe, although Christians may not have composed the entire population, episcopal churches and suburban martyria played important roles in the cultural life of frontier populations.2 From as far west as England, across Europe to the Rhineland cities of Bonn and Trier, south to Bregenz on shores of Lake Constance, and westward to following the Limes in Noricum to episcopal centers such as Lorch on the Enns and Teurnia on the Drau, Christian churches were a vital part of Roman provincial life.
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