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The Ancient Gods and the Venerable Protectors of this Place: Christianity on the Frontiers in the Early Middle Ages

  • Patrick Geary
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)

Abstract

In the fourth and early fifth centuries, the Christian cult was firmly established not only in the Mediterranean world but also along the northern frontiers of the Roman Empire.1 Sparse written as well as more abundant archaeological evidence shows clearly that from England across northern Europe, although Christians may not have composed the entire population, episcopal churches and suburban martyria played important roles in the cultural life of frontier populations.2 From as far west as England, across Europe to the Rhineland cities of Bonn and Trier, south to Bregenz on shores of Lake Constance, and westward to following the Limes in Noricum to episcopal centers such as Lorch on the Enns and Teurnia on the Drau, Christian churches were a vital part of Roman provincial life.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    Yitzhak Hen, Culture and Religion in Merovingian Gaul, AD 481–751 (Leiden: Brill, 1995), who emphasizes the profoundly Christian nature of early medieval Francia. Generally on Christianization see Ian Wood, The Missionary Life: Saints and the Evangelisation of Europe 400–1050 (Harlow: Longman, 2001).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Peter Curnow, Ian Stead, and Richard Reece, “ Verulamium, 1966–1968,” Antiquity: A Quarterly Review of Archaeology 43 (1969): 45–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 4.
    David Rollason, Saints and Relics in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989), pp. 15–16.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Franz Glaser and Sabene Schretter, “Die Ausgrabung Hemmaberg 1990,” Carinthia I. Mitteilungen des Geschichtsvereins für Kärnten 181 (1991): 49–52.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Peter Brown, The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981), p. 49.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Peter Brown, Power and Persuasion in Late Antiquity: Towards a Christian Empire (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992), p. 108.Google Scholar
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    Henry Mayr-Harting, The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn. (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania University Press, 1991), p. 33.Google Scholar
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    John Van Engen, “The Christian Middle Ages as an Historiographical Problem,” American Historical Review 91 (1986): 519–52, citation 535–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.
    Nora Chadwick, “The British or Celtic Part in the Population of England,” in Angles and Britons, O’Donnell Lectures (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1963), p. 143.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    Herwig Wolfram, The Roman Empire and Its Germanic Peoples, trans. Thomas Dunlap (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).Google Scholar
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    On St. Alban see Wilhelm Levison, “St. Alban and St. Albans,” Antiquity 15 (1941): 337–59.Google Scholar
  12. 29.
    On what follows, see Franz Glaser and Kurt Karpf, Ein karolingisches Kloster: Baierisches Missionszentrum in Kärnten (Vienna: Verein Historisches Molzbichl, 1989).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephanie Hayes-Healy 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Geary

There are no affiliations available

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