What States Do People Trust and How Do They Emerge?
As demonstrated in Chapter 3, a well-functioning bureaucratic organization of state activities is an important precondition for the production of trust. But to claim that the vast majority of states in the world work in a bureaucratic way is far from true; indeed, the opposite holds true. Universal rules, if they exist, are implemented in a rather particularistic fashion with limited and occasionally no transparency, and are frequently combined with different forms and degrees of corruption. I will explore corruption further in its more common manifestation in the following chapter. In this chapter, I consider in greater detail the social preconditions necessary for the development of bureaucracy as a form for organizing state activities and the development of the specific form of political corruption generally termed clientelism. In this endeavor, I will examine the case countries of Sweden and Greece. Sweden has an international reputation as a country where its citizens trust the state; in Greece the opposite seems to be the case. I will now turn my attention to what kind of states people trust and how they emerge.
KeywordsPolitical Party Public Sphere Boundary Relation State Bureaucracy Agrarian Reform
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.