Energy Poverty and Economic Development

  • Jean-Marie Chevalier
  • Nadia S. Ouédraogo


Energy poverty is always associated with economic poverty. It concerns people that have low income, low energy consumption and no access, or limited access, to modern energy fuel (petroleum products and electricity). Approximately 1.6 billion people do not have access to modern energy fuels. Moreover, a great number of them have no access to clean water. This means that they do not have access to economic development and they spend a good deal of their time collecting water and local energy resources such as wood and dung, leading to health problems and accelerating deforestation. Access to energy and water is an important component of the Millennium Goals.


Energy Efficiency Clean Development Mechanism Petroleum Product Energy Crisis Millennium Goal 
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© Jean-Marie Chevalier and Nadia S. Ouédraogo 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Marie Chevalier
  • Nadia S. Ouédraogo

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