CRC: Diagnosis, Staging, and Patient Assessment

  • Siri Rostoft Kristjansson
  • Riccardo A. AudisioEmail author


Colorectal cancer often presents as an emergency with signs of obstruction, poor general conditions [1, 2]. This is associated with high mortality, increased complication rate [3], and a poor oncologic result [4]. This is particularly relevant to older patients. Every effort should be put in place to avoid the emergency setting. To achieve this, screening programs have been put in place.


Preoperative assessment Comorbidity Operative risk Risk prediction Cancer surgery Elderly 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siri Rostoft Kristjansson
    • 1
  • Riccardo A. Audisio
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineDiakonhjemmet HospitalOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of SurgerySt. Helens and Knowsley Teaching HospitalsSt Helens, MerseysideUK

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