The Direct Optical Access: A Feasible, Reliable, and Safe Laparoscopic Entry

  • Andrea Tinelli


Access to the peritoneal cavity is the most crucial phase of laparoscopy, and fatal complications of laparoscopic surgery are related to first entry. The primary access- or trocar-related complications generally are underreported, and the true incidence may be higher than studies show. There is no clear consensus as to the optimal method of entry into the peritoneal cavity.


Bowel Injury Veress Needle Open Laparoscopy Trocar Insertion Visceral Slide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Experimental Endoscopic Surgery, Imaging, Technology and Minimally Invasive TherapyVito Fazzi HospitalLecceItaly

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