Blind Entry at Gynecological Laparoscopy Is Substituted by Entry Under Sight: Complications in Conventional Laparoscopic Entry

  • Liselotte Mettler
  • Wael Sammur
  • Antonio Malvasi


As witnesses to the early gynecological endoscopic surgical years of Kurt Semm in Kiel, Germany, since 1970, we have observed enormous changes in this challenging surgical field for more than 40 years.


Anterior Abdominal Wall Bowel Injury Ureteral Injury Veress Needle Vinci Surgical System 
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The authors thank Nicole Guckelsberger, as office manager, for her continuous support; and Wael Sammur, Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Female Infertility, German Medical Center, Dubai Healthcare City, United Arabian Emirates (UAE), for his contribution in chapter editing and formatting.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liselotte Mettler
    • 1
  • Wael Sammur
    • 2
  • Antonio Malvasi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kiel School of Gynaecological EndoscopyUniversity Hospitals Schleswig-HolsteinKielGermany
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGerman Medical Centre, DHCCDubaiUAE
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologySanta Maria HospitalBariItaly

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