The Evolution of Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery: Gas-Less Laparoscopic Inspection and Single Hole Surgery (GLISHS)

  • Nicola Gasbarro
  • Maurizio Brusati
  • Pietro Lupo
  • Sandro Gerli
  • Gian Carlo Di Renzo


In the last two decades, laparoscopy has become the standard treatment for many gynecological conditions. However, one major obstacle to the more widespread application of endoscopic procedures has been the limitations encountered with conventional laparoscopy. These include poor surgeon ergonomics, counterintuitive hand movement owing to undesirable long instruments, limited degrees of instrument motion within the body, and maintenance of CO2 pneumoperitoneum. Another major obstacle has been the rising cost of laparoscopic surgery, which always employs new and expensive tools to improve the safety and execution of operations.


Conventional Laparoscopy Serous Cystadenoma Laparoscopic Myomectomy Umbilical Incision Tubal Pregnancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Gasbarro
    • 1
  • Maurizio Brusati
    • 2
  • Pietro Lupo
    • 2
  • Sandro Gerli
    • 3
  • Gian Carlo Di Renzo
    • 3
  1. 1.Unit of Obstetrics and GynecologySanta Maria delle Grazie HospitalPozzuoliItaly
  2. 2.Unit of Obstetrics and GynecologyGeneral Hospital of ChivassoTurinItaly
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

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