Examination of Gait
Kinesiology, as well as motion picture photography of human subjects at rest and in motion, is required for a detailed study and application of the knowledge of human gait. For an average clinician, these studies are neither easily available nor understandable. With these facts in mind, this chapter is entirely devoted to human gait as a clinician should know it.
“Gait” is defined as the rhythmic movements of the joints of the lower extremity, resulting in forward propagation of the body. Thus it differs from spot March – as in exercises – where rhythm is essential, but there is no forward propagation.
KeywordsStance Phase Plantar Flexion Swing Phase Rhythmic Movement Heel Strike
I greatly appreciate the help of my son Mr. Niraj L. Vora, M.S. (Orth), M.R.C.S. (Edin), Joint Replacement Surgeon, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, for taking all of the photographs and drawing the diagrams used in this chapter. L.N. Vora, M.S. (Bom.), F.C.P.S. (Bom.), F.R.C.S. (Eng.), M.Ch.Orth. (L’Pool) Hon. Orthopaedic Surgeon, Sir. H.N. Hospital, Mumbai. Hon. Prof. Of Orthopaedics (Retd.) Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai. Hon. Orthopaedic Surgeon (Retd.) K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai.