Advertisement

Physical Properties of Hydrates

  • Carlo Giavarini
  • Keith Hester
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

The fifth chapter highlights for the reader some of the laboratory equipment and analytical instruments used to prepare, study and characterize gas hydrates. High pressure reactors of various sizes and capabilities are shown along with some of the techniques used to measure hydrate properties. This is followed with some of the key physical properties of hydrates. Values for the thermal, mechanical, electrical, and other hydrate properties are given.

Keywords

Guest Molecule Hydrate Formation Methane Hydrate Hydrate Property Hydrate Dissociation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Anderson GK (2004) Enthalpy of dissociation and hydration number of methane hydrate from the Clapeyron equation. J Chem Thermodyn 36:1119–1127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dalmazzone C, Dalmazzone D, Herzaft B (2000) DSC: a new technique to characterize hydrate formation in drilling muds. Proceedings SPE Annual Tech Conference, Dallas, 1–4 Oct, 62962Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Durham WB, Kirby SH, Stern LA (2003) The strength and rheology of methane clathrate hydrates. J Geophys Res 108(B4):2182–2186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Durham WB, Stern LA, Kirby SH, Circone S (2005) Rheology and structural imaging of sI and sII end-member gas hydrates and hydrate sediment aggregates. In: Proceedings of the international conference on gas hydrates 5, Trondheim, 13–16 June, Paper 2030Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Giavarini C, Maccioni E, Santarelli ML (2003) Formation kinetics of propane hydrates. Ind Eng Chem Res 42:1517–1521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Giavarini C, Maccioni F, Santarelli ML (2006) Modulated DSC for gas hydrates analysis. J Therm Anal Calorim 84(2):419–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Giavarini C, Santarelli, Maccioni ML (2008) Dissociation rate of THF-methane hydrates. Petrol Sci Tech 26(18):2147–2158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gupta A, Kneafsey TJ, Moridis GJ et al (2006) Composite thermal conductivity in a large heterogeneous porous methane hydrate sample. J Phys Chem B 110(33):16384–16392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gupta A, Dec SF, Koh CA, Sloan ED (2007) NMR investigation of methane hydrate dissociation. J Phys Chem C 111:2341–2346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Handa YP (1986) Compositions, enthalpies of dissociation, and heat capacities for clathrate hydrates of methane, ethane, and propane, and enthalpy of dissociation of isobutene hydrate, as determined by a heat-flow calorimeter. J Chem Thermodyn 18:915–921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haneda H, Sakamoto Y, Kawamura T et al (2005) Experimental study of the dissociation behavior of methane hydrate by air. In: Proceedings of the international conference on gas hydrates 5, Trondheim, 13–16 June, Paper 1025Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hester KC, Huo Z, Ballard A et al (2007) Thermal expansivity of sI and sII clathrate hydrates. J Phys Chem B 111:8830–8835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Huang D, Fan S (2004) Thermal conductivity of methane hydrate formed from sodium dodecyl solution. J Chem Eng Data 49:1479–1482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hyodo M, Nakata Y, Yoshimoto N, Ebinuma T (2005) Basic research on the mechanical behavior of methane hydrate-sediments mixture. J Jpn Geotech Soc Soils Found 45(1):75–85Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Levik OI, Gudmundsson JS (2000) Calorimetry to study metastability of natural gas hydrate at atmospheric pressure below 0oC. In: Holder GD, Bishnoi PR (eds) Gas hydrates. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 912, pp 602–613Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Makogon YF (1997) Hydrates of hydrocarbons. PennWell Books, TulsaGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rutqvist J, Moridis GJ (2007) Numerical studies on the geomechanical stability of hydrate-bearing sediments. Offshore Technical Conference, 30 April–3 May, Houston, doi:10.4043/18860-MSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Santamarina JC, Ruppel C (2008) The impact of hydrate saturation on the mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties of hydrate-bearing sand, silts, and clay. In: Proceedings of the international conference on gas hydrates 6, Vancouver, 6–10 July, Paper 5817Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sloan ED, Fleyfel F (1992) Hydrate dissociation enthalpy and guest size. Fluid Phase Eq 76:123–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sloan ED, Koh CA (2008) Clathrate hydrates of natural gases, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Staykova DK, Kuhs WF, Salamatin AN, Hansen T (2003) Formation of porous gas hydrates from ice powers: diffraction experiments and multistage model. J Phys Chem B 107:10299–10311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Subramanian S, Kini RA, Dec SF, Sloan ED (2000) Structural transition studies in methane + ethane hydrate using Raman and NMR. In: Holder GD, Bishnoi PR (eds) Gas hydrates. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 912. pp 873–886Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Takeya S, Takeo H, Uchida T (2000) In situ observations of CO2 hydrate by X-ray diffraction. In: Holder GD, Bishnoi PR (eds) Gas hydrates. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 912. pp 973–982Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tse JS, White MA (1988) Origin of glassy crystalline behavior in the thermal properties of clathrate hydrates: a thermal conductivity study of tetrahydrofuran hydrate. J Phys Chem 92(17):5006–5011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Waite WF, Gilbert LY, Winters WJ, Mason DH (2005) Thermal property measurements in tetrahydrofuran hydrate and hydrate-bearing sediment between −25 and 4°C, and their application to methane hydrate. In: Proceedings of the international conference on gas hydrates 5, Trondheim, 13–16 June, Paper 5042Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ingegneria ChimicaUniversity of Rome La SapienzaRomeItaly
  2. 2.TulsaUSA

Personalised recommendations