Advertisement

History of the Attempts to Find the Cause of RA

  • Alan Ebringer
Chapter

Abstract

There has been a continuous debate about the origin and early detection of rheumatoid arthritis. The strongest evidence suggesting recent onset is the absence of the disease in Egyptian mummies. Other rheumatological diseases such as osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout and chondrocalcinosis are well represented in Egyptian bone specimens and this appeared to be convincing evidence to Professor Watson Buchanan from Glasgow that rheumatoid arthritis was a disease of recent onset which appeared in the last two centuries (Buchanan and Kean 2001).

Keywords

Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatic Fever Barr Virus Recent Onset Egyptian Mummy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Aceves-Avila FJ, Medina F, Fraga A. The antiquity of rheumatoid arthritis: a reappraisal. J Rheumatol. 2001;28:751–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Aceves-Avila FJ, Delgadillo-Ruano MA, Ramos-Remus C, Gomez-Vargas A. The “Hospital Real de San Josef de Los Naturales” and the rheumatic conditions found in New Spain during the sixteenth century. Reumatismo. 2002;54:62–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchanan WW, Kean WE. Rheumatoid arthritis: beyond the lymphocyte. J Rheumatol. 2001;28:691–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bywaters E. Historical aspects of the aetiology of rheumatoid arthritis. Br J Rheumatol. 1988;27 Suppl 2:110–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Caughey DE. The arthritis of Constantine IX. Ann Rheum Dis. 1974;33:77–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dequeker J. Arthritis in Flemish paintings. Br Med J. 1977;1:1203–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dequeker J. Siebrandus Sixtius: evidence of rheumatoid arthritis of the robust reaction type in a seventeenth century priest. Ann Rheum Dis. 1992;51:561–2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Rashid T, Ebringer A. Rheumatoid arthritis is linked to Proteus – the evidence. Clin Rheumatol. 2007;26:1036–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Snorrason E. Landré-Beauvais and his “Goutte Asthénique Primitive.” ACTA Med SCAND. 1952; 142, Suppl. 266:115–8.Google Scholar
  10. Thould AK, Thould BT. Arthritis in Roman Britain. Br Med J. 1983;287:1909–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Ebringer
    • 1
  1. 1.King’s College London Division of Life SciencesUCH School of MedicineLondonUK

Personalised recommendations