Diagnostic Procedures (II): Parotid Scintigraphy, Parotid Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance, Salivary Gland Biopsy

  • Gabriela Hernández-Molina
  • Eric Kimura-Hayama
  • María del Carmen Ávila-Casado
  • Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero


Salivary gland involvement is a hallmark of Sjögren’s syndrome (SS). Besides the assessment of salivary gland function with objective tests such as sialometric methods, the analysis of gland specimens as well as some image methods are useful in the evaluation of these patients. For instance, the current American-European Consensus Group (AECG) criteria for SS [1] consider the performance of a labial salivary gland biopsy, salivary gland scintigraphy, and a sialography as tests to evaluate these patients. However, a standard algorithm for the evaluation of SS has not been established. Herein, we describe these tests as well as other imaging methods that are used frequently in the evaluation of patients with possible SS.


Salivary Gland Parotid Gland Focus Score Sicca Symptom Labial Salivary Gland 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriela Hernández-Molina
    • 1
  • Eric Kimura-Hayama
    • 2
  • María del Carmen Ávila-Casado
    • 3
  • Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero
    • 1
  1. 1.Immunology and Rheumatology DepartmentInstituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador ZubiránMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Tomography DepartmentInstituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio, ChávezMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Department of PathologyInstituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio, ChávezMexico CityMexico

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