Diagnostic Procedures (I): Ocular and Oral Tests

  • Gabriela Hernández-Molina
  • Francisco Cárdenas-Velazquez
  • Claudia Recillas-Gispert
  • Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero


Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) is a clinical disease characterized by keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and xerostomia due to an autoimmune background. Although the presence of one or both components is important for the diagnosis, these clinical features are not exclusively present in this syndrome.


Ocular Surface Rose Bengal Schirmer Test Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca Impression Cytology 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriela Hernández-Molina
    • 1
  • Francisco Cárdenas-Velazquez
    • 2
  • Claudia Recillas-Gispert
    • 2
  • Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero
    • 1
  1. 1.Immunology and Rheumatology DepartmentInstituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador ZubiránMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Ophthalmology ServiceInstituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador ZubiránMexico CityMexico

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