Dyslipidemia is a common disorder of abnormal metabolism or levels of one or more of various triglyceride or cholesterol molecules. Based on the most recent guidelines established by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel III, approximately 23% of the United States population requires treatment for a cholesterol abnormality with either lifestyle modification or administration of medications [1]. Hypercholesterolemia is a well established risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) [2], and is a strong marker for mortality in patients with CAD [3]. There is an ever increasing body of evidence that suggests aggressive treatment of dyslipidemia in an at-risk population (primary prevention) as well as in patients with established CAD (secondary prevention) is essential in the prevention of CAD and its complications.


High Density Lipoprotein National Cholesterol Education Program Coronary Artery Disease Risk High Density Lipoprotein Level Intermediate Density Lipoprotein 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of CardiologyUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Community and Preventive MedicineThe University of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA

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