Approach to the Patient with Cardiovascular Disease and Activity Limitations

  • Ryan W. Connell
  • Duncan D. Wormer


Patients with cardiovascular disease often have functional limitations and an increased risk of activity-related cardiac events. The impact of cardiovascular disease on the daily lives of some patients is quite apparent, while others may be asymptomatic and unknowingly at high risk for adverse events. Cardiologists and primary care physicians frequently encounter questions about activity limitations in patients with, or at risk for, cardiac disease. This can be a challenging question to address as there are many variables involved. It is important to consider each patient individually when making such decisions.


Cardiac Rehabilitation Anaerobic Threshold Pretest Probability Competitive Athlete Bethesda Guideline 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

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