Vascular Diseases – Peripheral/Aorta

  • Craig R. Narins
  • Jason D. Pacos
  • Theodore I. Hirokawa


Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common yet vastly underdiagnosed condition that is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Because atherosclerosis is a systemic disease, the presence of PAD, whether symptomatic or not, is associated with a two- to fourfold increase in the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death [1–3]. More timely diagnosis of PAD in the primary care setting has the potential not only to improve quality of life by helping to alleviate the lifestyle-impairing symptoms often associated with the disease, but also to identify individuals at high risk for cardiac and cerebrovascular events providing the opportunity to initiate effective life-saving therapies at an earlier stage [4].


Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Peripheral Arterial Disease Renal Artery Stenosis Critical Limb Ischemia Intermittent Claudication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig R. Narins
    • 1
  • Jason D. Pacos
    • 2
  • Theodore I. Hirokawa
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Cardiology and Vascular SurgeryUniversity of Rochester School of MedicineRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryHighland HospitalRochesterUSA

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