History and Physical

  • Norman Gray
  • J. Franklin Richeson


Approaching the patient with cardiovascular disease begins with a comprehensive cardiac history and careful physical examination. During medical training, great emphasis is placed on thorough, extensive, and complete histories and physical exams. With careful focus and direction, examining the cardiac patient should lead the practitioner to a diagnosis prior to any lab or imaging tests. The goal of this chapter will be to help the reader refresh his or her bed side skills.


Cardiac Patient Valve Closure Right Bundle Branch Block Jugular Venous Pressure Physical Exam Finding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of CardiologyUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations