Dynamic Aspects of Face Processing in Humans

  • Heinrich H. BülthoffEmail author
  • Douglas W. Cunningham
  • Christian Wallraven


In this chapter, we will focus on the role of motion in identity and expression recognition in human, and its developmental and neurophysiological aspects. Based on results from literature, we make it clear that there is some form of characteristic facial information that is only available over time, and that it plays an important role in the recognition of identity, expression, speech, and gender; and that the addition of dynamic information improves the recognizability of expressions and identity, and can compensate for the loss of static information. Moreover, at least several different types of motion seem to exist, they play different roles, and a simple rigid/nonrigid dichotomy is neither sufficient nor appropriate to describe these motions. Additional research is necessary to determine what the dynamic features for face processing are.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Facial Expression Video Sequence Face Processing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Max Planck Society and the WCU (World Class University) program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (R31-2008-000-10008-0). We are grateful to useful discussions with those who read earlier drafts of the manuscript.


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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinrich H. Bülthoff
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Douglas W. Cunningham
    • 1
    • 3
  • Christian Wallraven
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Biological CyberneticsTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Brain and Cognitive EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Brandenburg Technical UniversityCottbusGermany

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