Mankind’s Artificial Eco-system

  • Alan J. Sangster


The proposition that the modern industrial embodiment of human civilization is propelling humankind towards ecocide is explored in this chapter. Ready access to cheap fossil fuels has ushered in the ages of steam, oil and electricity leading to mass transport, global travel, electronics, computers and the internet, but not at ‘zero cost’ as classical economics would maintain. The environmental consequences of industrialisation began to appear early in the project with smog and acid rain in the 1950s. To this was added ozone depletion in the 1970s, followed by greenhouse gases and global warming in the 1990s. With a rapidly expanding population fed by land devouring industrial farming practices mankind is creating an artificial ecosystem which is squeezing nature to the margins. It is clearly not sustainable.


Fossil Fuel Heat Wave Entropy Production Steam Turbine Internal Combustion Engine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering and Physical ScienceHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK

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