Toxicology for the Pediatric Intensivist
The American Association of Poison Control Centers reports over two million cases of poisonings annually with more than 50% of exposures occurring in children less than 5 years of age. Fortunately, most accidental pediatric ingestions are relatively benign with only 2% of children experiencing moderate to severe toxin-related effects. Fatality from poisoning represents only 0.002% of yearly exposures. The mortality rate due to poisonings has decreased due to preventive education, the development of poison control centers, safer childproofing techniques, and improved therapies when toxic ingestions occur.
KeywordsActivate Charcoal Gastric Lavage Acetaminophen Overdose Central Nervous System Depression Bowel Irrigation
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