It is important to eliminate any avoidable factors that might increase the morbidity and/or mortality of hospitalized patients, particularly in vulnerable patients who are cared for in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). When such avoidable factors are present, healthcare becomes less safe and patients are at increased risk of complications. The Institute of Medicine’s landmark report “To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System” significantly increased awareness of the need for enhancing safety in the hospital environment by noting that as many as 98,000 patients die of medical errors each year. In response to this report, the National Safety Foundation developed a set of safety goals which it believed would be beneficial for hospitals to adopt, and, subsequently, The Joint Commission (formerly the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations) adopted these as their standard requiring hospitals to adhere to them if they wish to be a JCH accredited institution.
KeywordsUrinary Tract Infection Surgical Site Infection Nosocomial Infection Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Urinary Catheter
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