Conventional Mechanical Ventilation
The support of infants and children with respiratory failure or insufficiency is one of the most common techniques or procedures performed in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). Before the 1930s, respiratory failure was uniformly fatal due to the lack of equipment and techniques for airway management and ventilatory support. The first widespread use of mechanical support for respiratory failure began with negative pressure ventilation during the poiliomyelitis epidemics of the 1930’s. The operating rooms of the 1950s and 1960s provided the arena for the development of the manual skills and the refinement of the equipment needed for airway management, which subsequently led to the more widespread of endotracheal intubation thereby ushering in the era of positive pressure ventilation.
KeywordsTidal Volume Pressure Support Positive Pressure Ventilation Plateau Pressure Peak Inspiratory Pressure
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