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Fundamentals of Gas Exchange and the Assessment of Oxygenation and Ventilation

  • John S. Sullivan
  • Toah A. Nkromah
Chapter

Abstract

The basic function of the respiratory system is to supply oxygen (O2) to, and remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from, the body. The essential steps in this process include the exchange of gas between the atmosphere and the alveoli (ventilation), the diffusion of these gases across the alveolar capillary membrane, the transportation of gases in the blood, and the diffusion of the gases to and from the tissue capillaries.

Keywords

Pulse Oximetry Dead Space Pulse Oximeter Oxygen Index Alveolar Ventilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Sullivan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Toah A. Nkromah
    • 3
  1. 1.Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Golisano Children’s HospitalRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Geisinger Medical CenterJanet Weis Children’s HospitalDanvilleUSA
  3. 3.Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of PediatricsPenn State College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Children’s HospitalHersheyUSA

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