Advertisement

Solar Energy Fundamentals

  • Eduardo F. Camacho
  • Manuel Berenguel
  • Francisco R. Rubio
  • Diego Martínez
Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)

Abstract

The use of renewable energy, such as solar energy, experienced a great impulse during the second half of the 1970s just after the first big oil crisis. At that time, economic issues were the most important factor and so interest in these types of processes decreased when oil prices fell. There is renewed interest in the use of renewable energies nowadays, driven by the need of reducing the high environmental impact produced by the use of fossil energy systems.

The chapter briefly describes solar radiation fundamentals, the main ways of collecting solar energy and related technologies and a description of the solar plants of the Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA, South-East Spain), which are used as test-bed plants in the text.

Keywords

Solar Irradiance Heat Transfer Fluid Thermal Storage Concentrate Solar Power Solar Furnace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 7.
    Álvarez, J.D., Gernjak, W., Malato, S., Berenguel, M., Fuerhacker, M., Yebra, L.: Dynamic models for hydrogen peroxide control in solar photo-fenton systems. J. Sol. Energy Eng. 129, 37–44 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 31.
    Bellecci, C., Conti, M.: Latent heat thermal storage for solar dynamic power generation. Sol. Energy 51(3), 169–173 (1993) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 55.
    Blanco, J., Malato, S.: Solar Detoxification. UNESCO, Paris (2004) Google Scholar
  4. 85.
    Camacho, E.F., Berenguel, M., Rubio, F.R.: Advanced Control of Solar Plants. Springer, Berlin (1997) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 87.
    Camacho, E.F., Rubio, F.R., Berenguel, M., Valenzuela, L.: A survey on control schemes for distributed solar collector fields. Part I: Modeling and basic control approaches. Sol. Energy 81, 1240–1251 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 88.
    Camacho, E.F., Rubio, F.R., Berenguel, M., Valenzuela, L.: A survey on control schemes for distributed solar collector fields. Part II: Advanced control approaches. Sol. Energy 81, 1252–1272 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 89.
    Camacho, E.F., Berenguel, M., Alvarado, I., Limón, D.: Control of solar power systems: a survey. In: Proc. of the 9th Int. Symp. on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems, DYCOPS 2010, Leuven, Belgium, 2010 Google Scholar
  8. 124.
    Das, S., Dutta, T.K.: Mathematical modeling and experimental studies on solar energy storage in a phase change material. Sol. Energy 51(5), 305–312 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 130.
    Eck, M., Zarza, E., Eickhoff, M., Rheilander, J., Valenzuela, L.: Applied research concerning the direct steam generation in parabolic troughs. Sol. Energy 74, 341–351 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 131.
    El-Nashar, A.: The economic feasibility of small solar med seawater desalination plants for remote arid areas. Desalination 134, 173–186 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 139.
    Fernández-García, A., Zarza, E., Valenzuela, L., Pérez, M.: Parabolic-trough solar collectors and their applications. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 14, 1695–1721 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 177.
    Henning, H.: Solar assisted air conditioning of buildings—an overview. Appl. Therm. Eng. 27(10), 1734–1749 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 185.
    Ibrahim, H., Ilincaa, A., Perron, J.: Energy storage systems. Characteristics and comparisons. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 12(5), 1221–1250 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 205.
    Kalogirou, S.A.: Solar thermal collectors and applications. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30, 231–295 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 209.
    Kim, D.S., Infante Ferreira, C.A.: Solar refrigeration options—a state-of-the-art review. Int. J. Refrig. 31(1), 3–15 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 222.
    Lahmidi, H., Mauran, S., Goetz, V.: Definition, test and simulation of a thermochemical storage process adapted to solar thermal systems. Sol. Energy 80, 883–893 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 226.
    León, J., Valenzuela, L.: DISS project. Results of three years operating a thermal solar plant with parabolic collectors for direct steam production. In: Proc. XI Congreso Ibérico–VI Congreso Iberoamericano de Energía Solar, Vilamoura-Algarve, Portugal, 2002 (in Spanish) Google Scholar
  18. 254.
    Mills, D.: Advances in solar thermal electricity technology. Sol. Energy 76, 19–31 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 300.
    Pilkington, S.I.: Status report on solar thermal power plants, Cologne, Germany. www.solarpaces.org/Library/docs/PiStaRep.pdf (1996)
  20. 301.
    Pin, G., Falchetta, M., Fenu, G.: Adaptive time-warped control of molten salt distributed collector solar fields. Control Eng. Pract. 16, 813–823 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 304.
    Price, H., Kearney, D., Replogle, I.: Update on the performance and operation of SEGS III–VII. In: ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf., Miami, USA, 1990 Google Scholar
  22. 318.
    Roca, L., Berenguel, M., Yebra, L., Alarcón-Padilla, D.: Solar field control for desalination plants. Sol. Energy 82, 772–786 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 342.
    Sen, Z.: Solar energy in progress and future research trends. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30, 367–416 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 359.
    Stine, W.B., Geyer, M.: Power from the Sun. http://www.powerfromthesun.net/book.html (2001)
  25. 369.
    Sweet, B.: Renewables ranked. IEEE Spectrum. http://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/renewables/renewables-ranked (2011)
  26. 383.
    Valenzuela, L., Zarza, E., Berenguel, M., Camacho, E.F.: Control concepts for direct steam generation process in parabolic troughs. In: Proc. of the ISES Solar World Congress, Goteborg, Sweden, 2003 Google Scholar
  27. 384.
    Valenzuela, L., Zarza, E., Berenguel, M., Camacho, E.F.: Direct steam generation in solar boilers. IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 24(2), 15–29 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 398.
    Wettermark, G.: Performance of the SSPS solar power plants at Almería. J. Sol. Energy Eng. 110, 235–246 (1988) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 402.
    Yang, Z., Garimella, S.V.: Thermal analysis of solar thermal energy storage in a molten-salt thermocline. Sol. Energy 84, 974–985 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 413.
    Zambrano, D., Bordóns, C., Garcia-Gabin, W., Camacho, E.F.: Model development and validation of a solar cooling plant. Int. J. Refrig. 31, 315–327 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 415.
    Zarza, E., Ajona, J.I., León, J., Gregorzew, A., Genthner, K.: Solar thermal desalination project at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria. Sol. Energy Mater. 24, 608–622 (1991) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 416.
    Zarza, E., Valenzuela, L., León, J., Hennecke, K., Eck, M., Weyers, H.D., Eickhoff, M.: The DISS project: direct steam generation in parabolic troughs. Operation and maintenance experience & update on project status. In: Proc. of ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf.: Forum 2001, Washington, DC, USA, 2001 Google Scholar
  33. 419.
    Zarza, E., Valenzuela, L., León, J., Weyers, H.D., Eickhoff, M., Eck, M., Hennecke, K.: Direct steam generation in parabolic troughs: final results and conclusions of the DISS project. Energy 29, 635–644 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo F. Camacho
    • 1
  • Manuel Berenguel
    • 2
  • Francisco R. Rubio
    • 1
  • Diego Martínez
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática, Escuela Superior de IngenierosUniversidad de SevillaSevilleSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Lenguajes y Computación, Escuela Superior de IngenieríaUniversidad de AlmeríaAlmeríaSpain
  3. 3.Plataforma Solar de Almería, Centro Europeo de Ensayos de Energía SolarCIEMATTabernasSpain

Personalised recommendations