Surgical Fluid Management



The body’s fluid and electrolyte balance is kept within a tightly defined range mainly by the action of antidiuretic hormone and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis. Surgical stress alters these mechanisms. Additionally, in the perioperative period, fasting, blood and insensible losses, and activation of the inflammatory cascades with increased vascular permeability all affect fluid balance.


Intravenous Fluid Fluid Administration Colloid Osmotic Pressure Plasma Volume Expansion Crystalloid Solution 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Colorectal SurgeryFreeman HospitalNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryThe Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustNewcastle upon TyneUK

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