Introduction to the Solar Winery

  • Mervyn Smyth
  • James Russell
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Climate change and its potential impact is one of the greatest challenges facing mankind today. Viticulture and winemaking, much like the ski industry, are climate change bellwethers as both are highly dependent upon the weather, climate and place. Any future changes in the seasons, their duration, local maximum, minimum and mean temperatures, frost occurrence and heat accumulation could have a major impact on the winegrowing areas of the world. These changes are already evident in the form of increased vineyard plantings in what were a number of years ago thought to be marginal regions, such as southern England, or the movement of ‘traditionally warmer’ varietals into new ‘cooler’ regions.


Renewable Energy Carbon Emission Renewable Energy Technology Energy Efficiency Measure Wine Industry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Anon (2010) OIV summary on the global situation of the vine and wine industry in 2009. 33rd world congress of vine and wine, Tbilisi, Georgia, JuneGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barcott B (2007) Green tags: making sense of the REC-age, vol 20(4), p 15. World Watch ,Thomson Gale, Washington D.C., USAGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bird L, Kreycik C, Friedman B (2009) Green power marketing in the US: a status report (2008 data). Technical report NREL/TP-6AA2-46581, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, USAGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Colman T, Päster P (2007) Red, white, and “green”: the cost of carbon in the global wine trade. American Association of Wine Economists (AAWE) Working paper Number 9, New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    DOE/EIA (2010) US Department of Energy’s annual energy outlook 2010. Energy information administration. Report Number: DOE/EIA-0484 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ESTELA (2010) AT Kearney and the European Solar Thermal Electricity Association (ESTELA). Solar thermal electricity 2025, clean electricity on demand: attractive STE cost stabilize energy production. Rue d’Arlon 63-67- B-1040 Brussels, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    ESTTP (European Solar Thermal Technology Platform) (2009) Solar heating and cooling for a sustainable energy future in Europe. ESTIF, Renewable Energy House, Rue d‘Arlon 63-67-B-1040 Brussels, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Friedman B, Bird L, Barbose G (2009) Energy savings certificate markets: opportunities and implementation barriers. Amercian Society of Mecahnical Engineers, 3rd international conference on energy sustainability, San Francisco, California. Paper Number: NREL/CP-6A2-45970Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McLeod V (2009) The white, green, and black of energy. online opinion: Australia’s e-journal of social and political debate. Available at
  10. 10.
    Sawin J, Martinot E (2010) Renewables 2010 global status report. REN21: renewable energy policy network for the twenty-first century, Paris, FranceGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sterling Planet (2009) White tags. Informational paper by Sterling Planet. Available at
  12. 12.
    US Department of Energy (DOE) (2009) States with renewable portfolio standards. US Department of Energy EERE state activities and partnerships. Available at
  13. 13.
    US Department of Treasury (2010) Department of the Treasury Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau statistical report––wine. Report symbol: TTB S 5120-12-2009Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    White MA, Diffenbaugh NS, Jones GV, Pal JS, Giorgi F (2006) Extreme heat reduces and shifts US premium wine production in the twenty-first century. PNAS 103:11217–11222Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wiser R, Barbose G, Peterman C (2009) Tracking the Sun the installed cost of photovoltaics in the US from 1998 to 2007. Environmental energy technologies division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Publication Number: LBNL-1516EGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of the Built Environment Centre for Sustainable TechnologiesUniversity of UlsterNewtownabbeyUK
  2. 2.Appalachian State UniversityBooneUSA

Personalised recommendations