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Oogenesis pp 231-252 | Cite as

Cumulus Cell Gene Expression as a Marker of Oocyte Quality

  • Mourad Assidi
  • Marc-André SirardEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Cumulus cells (CCs) are a highly specialized cell type that surround the mammalian oocyte from antrum formation to the early stages of embryo development in the oviduct. During this period of close vicinity, CCs maintain paracrine and cell-to-cell communications with the oocyte. The increasing use of CCs to predict oocyte quality requires a growing understanding of their involvement in oocyte developmental competence acquisition. This chapter highlights the current knowledge about CC differentiation and communications with the oocyte. Special focus is given to the molecular biomarkers differentially expressed in CCs that reflect higher oocyte quality and therefore are associated with successful embryo development and/or implantation. The biological, signaling, and molecular functions and/or pathways of CCs during oocyte maturation, ovulation, fertilization, and early embryo development are also discussed. Using recent findings in other tissues/species, some hypotheses about the processes whereby CCs exert their functions are suggested. Further characterization will be required to refine these biomarkers in order to improve both animal and human ART.

Keywords

Cumulus Oocyte Gene expression Biomarkers Competence IVF 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculté des sciences de l’agriculture et de l’alimentation, Pavillon des servicesUniversité LavalLavalCanada
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics & GynecologyMcGill University Health Centre, McGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Department of Animal ScienceUniversité LavalLavalCanada

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