Forearm Nonunions

  • Peter V. Giannoudis
  • Efthimios J. Karadimas
  • Fragkiskos N. Xypnitos


  • A nonunion should be revised if it:
    • Is painful.

    • Is related with underline infection.

    • Affects either the radius or the ulna or both forearm bones.

    • Is related with hardware (ORIF) failure.


Styloid Process Flexor Carpus Radialis Ulnar Side Posterior Interosseous Nerve Forearm Bone 
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Further Reading

  1. Prasarn ML, Ouellette EA, Miller DR. Infected nonunions of diaphyseal fractures of the forearm. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2010;130(7):867–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. dos Reis FB, Faloppa F, Fernandes HJ, et al. Outcome of diaphyseal forearm fracture-nonunions treated by autologous bone grafting and compression plating. Ann Surg Innov Res. 2009;3:5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Faldini C, Pagkrati S, Nanni M, et al. Aseptic forearm nonunions treated by plate and opposite fibular autograft strut. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009;467(8):2125–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Richard MJ, Ruch DS, Aldridge III JM. Malunions and nonunions of the forearm. Hand Clin. 2007;23(2):235–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter V. Giannoudis
    • 1
  • Efthimios J. Karadimas
    • 2
  • Fragkiskos N. Xypnitos
    • 3
  1. 1.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  3. 3.Department of Trauma and OrthopaedicsLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK

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