General Part

  • Nikolaos K. Kanakaris
  • Peter V. Giannoudis


As a basic principle, the level of amputation should be as distal as possible, with the primary aim to preserve the knee joint if possible. The best outcome from a function and energy requirement standpoint is achieved when the amputation is carried out in the transtibial zone. The level of resection has been reported to be a significant predictor of postoperative mortality, with above-knee amputations (AKA) having the poorer outcome.


Basic Principle Sport Medicine Neuropathic Pain Arterial Disease Open Fracture 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  2. 2.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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