Knee Joint

  • Paul Harwood
  • Peter V. Giannoudis


Diagnostic aspiration of gout as well as inflammatory and septic arthritis Palliative aspiration for relief of tense effusion Treatment of inflammatory and degenerative arthritis The knee joint is a large-volume synovial joint with a potential volume in excess of 120 ml. The medial and lateral compartments of the tibiofemoral articulation and the patellofemoral joint form a single synovium-lined cavity, which extends superiorly as the suprapatellar pouch. While there are many techniques to access the knee joint, the most commonly employed and straightforward is the retropatellar approach. A medial or lateral approach can be utilized as it is convenient and few local structures are at risk.


Knee Joint Patella Tendon Septic Arthritis Lateral Compartment Intercondylar Notch 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  2. 2.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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