Total Knee Replacement (TKR)



Painful arthritis of the knee resulting decline in function, progressive deformity.

In standing position from the front and the side, general assessment of:


Soft Tissue Balance Tibial Resection Cement Penetration Femoral Intercondylar Notch Marginal Osteophyte 

Further Reading

  1. Deirmengian CA, Lonner JH. What’s new in adult reconstructive knee surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009;91(12):3008–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooks P. Orthopedics. 2011:9;34(9):e476–8. doi:10.3928/01477447-20110714-32.Google Scholar
  3. Schiavone Panni A, Cerciello S, et al. Stiffness in total knee arthroplasty. J Orthop Traumatol. 2009;10(3):111–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gandhi R, Tsvetkov D, Davey JR, et al. Survival and clinical function of cemented and uncemented prostheses in total knee replacement: a meta-analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2009;91(7):889–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Nice clinical guideline 92 – Venous thromboembolism: reducing the risk. Reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) in patients admitted to hospital. Jan 2010 (

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  2. 2.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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