Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction

  • Ram Venkatesh
  • George Tselentakis


ACL rupture resulting in knee instability.

History of pivoting injury.

Symptoms of giving way.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Patellar Tendon Femoral Tunnel Meniscus Tear 
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Further Reading

  1. Hospodar SJ, Miller MD. Controversies in ACL reconstruction: bone-patellar tendon-bone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction remains the gold standard. Sports Med Arthrosc. 2009;17(4):242–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hapa O, Barber FA. ACL fixation devices. Sports Med Arthrosc. 2009;17(4):217–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andersson D, Samuelsson K, Karlsson J. Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries with special reference to surgical technique and rehabilitation: an assessment of randomized controlled trials. Arthroscopy. 2009;25(6):653–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  2. 2.Department of Trauma and OrthopaedicsEast Surrey HospitalSurreyUK

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