Digital Human Models Within Product Development Process



This chapter focuses on the use of Digital Human Models (DHM) within the product development process enabling the designers to address and solve ergonomics and human factors along the whole product life cycle. First part of the chapter introduces the state of the art of DHM tools. It comprises a short history, which points out the evolution of virtual humans since their origins, and proposes a classification taking into account also fields of application. Second part of the chapter describes possible applications of DHM within the product development process. Case studies from different industrial contexts are presented and discussed. The first regards the use of DHM and VR techniques in automotive and farm tractor industry, the second the integration of virtual prototyping techniques with DHM to validate and study new solutions for refrigerated unit and machinery and the last one the virtual testing of artificial lower limb prosthesis. Final remarks conclude the chapter.


Haptic Device Virtual Prototype Product Development Process Virtual Human Virtual Scene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author would like to thank in particular Giorgio Colombo, Umberto Cugini, Daniele Movigliatti, and all members of the V&K Group ( for their contribution to the development of research activities described in this paper.


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© Springer-Verlag London Limited  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of BergamoDalmineItaly

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