Introduction: The Production of Radiological and Histopathological Images

  • Uday Patel
  • M. Constance Parkinson
  • Alex Freeman


The urologist only ever sees the end product image, whether radiological or histological, but it is important to understand how these are produced. Only then can one fully appreciate their capabilities and limitations. Confident, informed interpretation directly follows from such basic knowledge. The following are brief explanations of how and why these images are created, their science and the practice. This chapter should be read before attempting the rest of this book, but equally the reader should periodically refer back to this section to ensure that his/her interpretative skills are based on a firm understanding of these essentials.


Contrast Medium Histopathological Image Radiographic Contrast Medium Phase Compute Tomography Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy 
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Further Reading

  1. Caldicott principles 1997.
  2. Copyright Act 1998.
  3. Data protection Act 1999.
  4. ESUR Guidelines on Contrast Media.
  5. Freedom of Information Act 2000.
  6. Human Tissue Act 2004.
  7. Making the best use of clinical radiology services (MBUR), 6th edition (2007).
  8. Patel U, Walkden M. Principles of radiological imaging. In: Mundy AR, Fitzpatrick J, Neal DE, George NJR, eds. The Scientific Basis of Urology. 3rd ed. London: Informa; 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uday Patel
    • 1
  • M. Constance Parkinson
    • 2
  • Alex Freeman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySt George’s HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of HistopathologyUniversity College HospitalLondonUK

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