Precursors of Vulvovaginal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Richard Oparka
  • C. Simon Herrington
Part of the Essentials of Diagnostic Gynecological Pathology book series (EDGP)


The current classification of intraepithelial lesions of the vulva defines two distinct types of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), termed usual-type VIN (uVIN) and differentiated-type VIN (dVIN). uVIN occurs in younger women, is typically associated with high-risk HPV infection and hence with neoplasia at other anogenital sites. Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN) is also strongly related to HPV infection and is classified morphologically in a similar way to uVIN. Associated carcinomas are generally of warty or basaloid type. By contrast, dVIN occurs in older women, is not typically associated with HPV infection but rather shows a clinicopathological association with lichen sclerosus and HPV-negative keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. This chapter describes these entities, highlighting the role played by HPV infection in the development of uVIN and VaIN, and discusses whether HPV-associated and non-HPV-associated VIN lesions equate to uVIN and dVIN, respectively.


Intraepithelial Neoplasia Lichen Sclerosus Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia Squamous Intraepithelial Neoplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyNinewells HospitalDundeeUK
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Ninewells Hospital and Division of Cancer ResearchJacqui Wood Cancer Centre, University of DundeeJames Arrott DriveUK

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