Background of Superconductors

  • Weijia Yuan
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


Superconductivity was discovered in 1911 by Kamerlingh Onnes. It was observed that the resistance of the solid mercury abruptly disappeared at the temperature of 4.2 K [1]. In subsequent decades, superconductivity was found in several other materials, most of which are metals. Lead was found to be superconducting at 7 K in 1913, and niobium nitride was found to be superconducting at 16 K in 1941.


Current Density Distribution Critical Magnetic Field Meissner Effect Critical State Model Coated Conductor 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wolfson CollegeUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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