• Graham Hughes
  • Shirish Sangle


The central pillar in the diagnosis of APS is the detection of antibodies against phospholipids. Two tests are routinely used, the anticardiolipin test (aCL) and the so-called lupus anticoagulant (LA).


Haemolytic Anaemia Carrier Protein Diagnostic Yield Lupus Anticoagulant Anticardiolipin Antibody 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Hughes
    • 1
  • Shirish Sangle
    • 2
  1. 1.The London Lupus CentreLondon Bridge HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Louise Coote Lupus UnitSt Thomas’ HospitalLondonUK

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