Perhaps because of the overlap of some cases of APS with lupus, recognition of the importance and extent of renal involvement in primary APS was initially slow. However, it is now known that a variety of renal pathologies can be seen.
KeywordsRenal Artery Stenosis Renal Vein Thrombosis Improve Blood Pressure Control Renal Artery Occlusion Renal Artery Thrombosis
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